Fire Prevention Tips

Install smoke alarms and test them regularly

  • Install a smoke alarm on every level of your home and outside of each sleeping area. For maximum protection, install a smoke alarm in every bedroom.
  • You can request a free smoke alarm or help with testing your smoke alarms.
  • Test smoke alarms monthly. For battery-operated smoke alarms change the batteries at least once per year. If you hear a “chirping” noise, change your battery right away.
  • If you are hard of hearing, you can use a special smoke alarm, which may use a combination of light, vibration or sound.

Stay safe in the kitchen

  • Never leave cooking unattended.
  • Wear tight fitting or rolled up sleeves while you cook.
  • Always cook with the pot handles turned in.
  • Keep the stove surface clean and clutter-free.
  • If a grease fire occurs, use a pot holder or oven mitts to carefully slide a lid or a cookie sheet over the pan. Turn off the burner.
  • Never carry a burning pan.
  • Install and learn how to use a portable fire extinguisher.

Keep space around heaters

  • Keep at least one metre (three feet) between space heaters and anything else.
  • Materials like clothing can catch fire by brushing against some space heaters.
  • In the case of fire, remember to STOP, DROP to the ground, cover your face, and ROLL.

Be cautious if you smoke

  • Use large deep ashtrays.
  • Thoroughly soak cigarette butts in water before discarding.
  • Never smoke in bed.

Plan your escape

  • Know two ways out of every room in your home, especially the bedrooms. Smoke or flames could block one of your exits.
  • Make sure you have a meeting place outside.

Check your exits

  • Make sure you can unlock and open windows and doors quickly, including those with security bars and deadbolts.
  • If you need to escape from a second storey or higher, plan a safe way to get to the ground.

Plan your exit in apartment building

  • Count the number of doors between your apartment and the nearest exit. During a fire, you may be unable to see the way.
  • Never use the elevator; it could stop at the floor where the fire is.
  • Use stairways to exit and close the doors behind you.

In the event of a fire

  • Check doors before opening them. If they are hot, keep them closed and use an alternate route.
  • Crawl low on the ground under the smoke, where it is easier to breathe.
  • Once you are outside, stay outside. Never go back inside for anything.
  • If escape is impossible, close doors between you and the smoke. Stuff cracks around doors and vents with towels or bedding.
  • Call 911 and give the operator your exact location in your home.
  • Stay low and signal for help with a flashlight or by waiving a bright towel or sheet.

Preventing Falls

Falls are the leading cause of serious injuries in older adults. They can lead to hospitalization, admission to a nursing home or even death.

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